Topic: Bertrand Russell Biography
Profession: Author, Writer, Philosopher
Name Bertrand Arthur William Russell.
Born: 18 May 1872, United Kingdom.
Bertrand Russell Biography
Birth Place and Parents: Bertrand Russell was born in Ravenscroft, the country home of his parents, Lord and Lady Amberley. His grandfather, Lord John Russell, was the youngest son of the 6th Duke of Bedford. In 1861, after a long and distinguished political career in which he served twice as Prime Minister, Lord Russell had become 1st Earl Russell, ennobled by Queen Victoria. Bertrand Russell became the third Earl Russell in 1931, after his elder brother Frank, died childlessly.
Early Life & Education: Russell’s early life was marred by tragedy and mourning. By the time he was six, his sister, Rachel, his parents, and his grandfather had died, and he and Frank were left in the care of their grandmother, Count Russell. Although Frank was sent to Winchester School, Bertrand was educated privately at home, and his childhood was later spent largely in isolation from other children, much to his regret. Intellectually unstable, he was absorbed in mathematics from an early age and at the age of 11 found the experience of learning Euclidean geometry “as dazzling as first love”, because it made him intoxicated by some, demonic knowledge Offered with possibility.
Career, Achievements, and Awards: Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM FRS was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel Prize, winner. At various points in his life, Russell considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never done any of these things in depth. Russell was born in Monmouthshire into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in the United Kingdom.
In the early 20th century, Russell led the British to a “rebellion against idealism”. He is considered one of the founders of analyst philosophy, with his predecessors Gottlob Frege, collaborators G. E. Moore, and Protege Ludwig Wittgenstein. He is widely held to be one of the leading rationalists of the 20th century. With A. N. Whitehead, he wrote Principia Mathematica, an attempt to form a logical basis for mathematics.
His philosophical essay “On Denoting” is considered “the paradigm of philosophy”. His work has had considerable influences on mathematics, logic, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science (see type theory and type systems), and philosophy, particularly the philosophy of language, epistemology, and spirituality.
In December 1894 he married Miss Alice Pearsall Smith. After spending a few months in Berlin studying social democracy, he moved to live near Haslemere, where he devoted his time to the study of philosophy. In 1900 he visited the Mathematical Congress in Paris. He was impressed by the ability of the Italian mathematician Peno and his pupils, and immediately studied Peno’s works. In 1903 he wrote his first important book, The Principles of Mathematics, and his friend Dr. Alfred Whitehead developed and expanded the mathematical logic of Peno and Freeze.
From time to time, he left philosophy for politics. In 1910 he was appointed lecturer at Trinity College. After the breakup of the First World War, he took an active role in the No-Conscription Fellowship and was fined £ 100 as the author of a pamphlet criticizing a two-year sentence on an honest objector. His college denied him his lectures in 1916. He was offered a position at Harvard University but was denied a passport. He wanted to give a lecture course (later published in America as Political Ideals, 1918) but was stopped by military officials.